Research

The research is carried out in the laboratory and in the field both in the Mediterranean Sea and abroad. The main topics are::

  • Management in the aquarium and controlled reproduction of the Elasmobranchs
  • Biology and ecology of Elasmobranchs

Projects


  • Reproduction of Mediterranean and tropical sharks in the Laboratory (Scyliorhinus , Chiloscyllium , Carcharhinus )
  • Biology and Ecology of Scyliorhinus stellaris and canicula (Linnaeus 1758) along the Tyrrhenian coast
  • Monitoring of sharks along the Italian coast
  • Monitoring in the Mediterranean sea with the Center for Shark Studies - Scientific Institute boat, using several tools such as: Drone, ROV, photogrammetric laser, GoPro underwater camera. < / li>
  • White Shark Ecology and Behavior ( Carcharodon carcharias )
  • Photoidentification Great White Shark Dorsal fins
  • Whale Shark Ecology ( Rhincodon typus )
  • Nursery monitoring grey reef sharks ( Carcharhinus amblyrynchos)
  • Nursery monitoring nursehound ( Scyliorhinus stellaris)

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Deepening



The Sharks Studies Centre – Scientific Institute,  develops researches related to various aspects of Shark Biology:

In the laboratory studies are developed about; Reproduction of Nursehound (Micarelli et al.2016), Physiology of Scyliorhinidae (Micarelli et al 2017), Management in a controlled environment of tropical and Mediterranean benthic sharks (Micarelli et al.2012, 2011, 2006), Ecology smallspotted catshark (Reinero, Sperone, Micarelli et al.2017, Reinero, Sperone, Micarelli et al.2018)

 

Laboratory projects:

A) Biology and ecology of Scyliorhinus stellaris and canicula (Linnnaeus 1758) along the Tyrrhenian coast.

 

In the field, Mediterranean sea, South Africa, Madagascar and Djibouti, observation activities are developed dedicated in particular to; Ecology, Ethology, Ecotoxicology White sharks (Micarelli et al., 2006, 2008, 2015, Sperone, Micarelli et al. 2010 and 2012, Micarelli et al, 2015, Marsili, Micarelli et al. 2016, Becerril-Garcia, Sperone, Micarelli et al 2017, Di crescenzo & Micarelli 2018, Becerril-Garcia, Sperone, Micarelli et al 2019), Ecology Whale sharks (Micarelli et al. 2017), Monitoring and identification of Nursery of various species of sharks; Grey reef sharks, Nursehound, White sharks etc, (Micarelli et al., 2011, 2015, Sperone, Micarelli et al.2012, Sperone, Micarelli et al. 2018)

 

Field projects:

B) Great White Shark – Carcharodon carcharias Ecology and Behavior 
C) Photoidentification of Great White Sharks
D) Ecology of Whale shark (Rhincodon typus)
E) Sharks Monitoring along Italian coast

 

Publications archive


2019
1) Becerril-Garcia, E.E. & Hoyos-Padilla, E.M. & Micarelli, P. & Galvan-Magana, F. & Sperone, E.
The surface behaviour of white sharks during ecotourism: A baseline for monitoring this threatened species around Guadalupe Island, Mexico. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, DOI: 10.1002/aqc.3057

2) Consales C., Cagnazzi D., Micarelli P., Sperone E., Broadhurst M.K., Rizzuto S., Schillaci F., Coppola D., Carletti L.Marsili L.
Sharks and organochlorine compounds: from Australia to South Africa passing by Mediterranean Sea. 7th International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics (CEMEPE 2019) and SECOTOX Conference. May.

2018
1) Sperone, E. & Micarelli, P. & Romano, C. & Giglio, G. & Giovannelli, P. & Reinero, F.R. & Rijillo, G. & Leporati, L. & Fabietti, Y. & Chiriaco, S.
Biological and ecological factors affecting individual surface behaviours af bait attracted White Sharks. Sharks International, João Pessoa, Brazil 2018

2) Giglio, G. & Marzullo, A. & Calimieri, F. & Cauteruccio, F. & Ianni, G. & Micarelli, P. & Romano, C. & Sperone,E.&Tripepi,S.&Terracina,G.
Individual identification of sharks through dorsal fin: a new approach thanks to advances in computer science. Poster Abstract. Sharks International, João Pessoa, Brazil 2018

3) Reinero, F.R. & Sperone, E. & Marchio, C. & Minervino, M. & Bevacqua, L. & Toraldo Serra, M.L. & Giglio, G. & Micarelli, P. & Tripepi, S. & Milazzo, C. & Barca, D.
Preliminary data on traceelements concentration in a population of lesser spotted dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula) from Central Mediterrranean Sea. Poster Abstract. Sharks International, João Pessoa, Brazil 2018

4) Sperone, E. & Micarelli, P. & Giglio, G. & Romano, C. & Tripepi, S. & Mari, O. & Gallo, S. & Pascolo, G. & Zicarelli, G. & Barba, C. & Bolinesi, F. & Mangoni, O.
Feeding Behaviour of Whale Shark at Nosy Be (Madagascar): Correlation with Phytoplancton Assemblages. Abstract. European Elasmobranch Association Scientific Conference, 12 – 14 October 2018, Peniche – Portugal, Escola Superior de Turismo e Tecnologia do Mar

5) Di Crescenzo, S. & Micarelli, P. & Scacco, U.
Application of laser photogrammetry on C. carcharias in natural environment. Abstract. Poster.European Elasmobranch Association Scientific Conference, 12 – 14 October 2018, Peniche – Portugal, Escola Superior de Turismo e Tecnologia do Mar

6) Sperone, E. & Coppola, F. & Parise, G. & Bernabò, I. & Reinero, F.R. & Micarelli, P. & Giglio, G. & Milazzo, C.
Confirmation of the presence of the bigeye thresher Alopias superciliosus in the Tyrrhenian Sea, with first parasitological notes for the Mediterranean Sea. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59 (2): 181 – 185

2017
1) Micarelli, P. & DE Lucia, L. & Canetti, D. & Sperone, E.
Preliminary Observations on the Ability to Adapt To Salinity Changes in Nursehound Scyliorhinus Stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758) and Small Spotted Catsharks Scyliorhinus Canicula (Linnaeus, 1758). International Journal of Oceanography & Aquaculture, 1 (1): 000104

2) Micarelli, P. & Romano, C. & Buttino, I. & Reinero, F. & Serangeli, C. & Sperone, E.
Phytoplanktonbloom and seasonal presence of Whale shark (Rhincodon typus) along the coast of Djibouti - Gulf of Aden. Abstract. International Journal of Current Advanced Research, 6 (5): 3948-3949 DOI: 10.24327/ijcar.2017.3949.0403

3) Reinero, F.R. & Micarelli, P. & Barca, D. & Milazzo, C. & Giglio, G. & Becerril Garcia, E.E. & Marchio, C. & Minervino, M. & Toraldo Serra, M.L. & Tripepi, S. & Sperone, E.
A Pilot project for reconstructing life history traits of a population of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758). Abstract. EEA 2017, Amsterdam

4) Becerril-Garcia, E.E & Hoyos-Padilla, E.M. & Micarelli, P. & Galvan-agana, F. & Sperone, E.
Surf ace behavior of white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, related to legal and illegal baits in Guadalupe lsland, México. Abstract. EEA 2017, Amsterdam

5) Sperone, E. & Rijllo, G. & Bevacqua, L. & Chiriaco, S. & Giovannelli, P. & Circosta, V. & Fabietti, V. & Ranieri, A. & Giglio, G. & Reinero, F.R. & Santoro, A. & Micarelli, P.
Do environmental factors affect the surf ace behavior of white sharks? Abstract. EEA 2017, Amsterdam

6) Leone, A. & Urso, I. & Damalas, D. & Marthinson, J. & Zanzi, A. & Mariani, S. & Sperone, E. & Micarelli, P. & Garibaldi, F. & Megalofonou, P. & Bargelloni, L. & Franch, R. & Macias, D. & Prodohl, P. & Fitzpatrick, S. & Stagioni, M. & Tinti, F. & Cariani, A.
Genetic differentiation and phylogeography of Mediterranean-North Eastern Atlantic blue shark (Prionace glauca, L. 1758) using mitochondrial DNA: panmixia or complex stock structure?PeerJ.:e4112. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4112

2016
1) Micarelli, P. & Sperone, E.
New record of the great white shark Carcharodon carcharias from Lampedusa. Mediterranean Marine Science, 17 (1): 230–252.

2) Micarelli, P. & Sperone, E. & Serena, F. & Compagno, L.J.V.
Evidence of Sperm Storage in Nursehound (Scyliorhinus stellaris, Linnaeus 1758): Juveniles Husbandry and Tagging Program. International Journal of Oceanography, 2016: ID 8729835.DOI: 10.1155/2016/8729835

3) Marsili, L. & Coppola, D. & Giannetti, M. & Casini, S. & Fossi, M.C. & Van Wyk, J.H. & Sperone, E. & Tripepi, S. & Micarelli, P. & Rizzuto, S.
Skin Biopsies as a Sensitive Non-Lethal Technique for the ecotoxicological Studies of Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) Sampled in South Africa. Expert Opinion on Environmental Biology, 4: 1000126 DOI: 10.4172/2325-9655.1000126

2015
1) Micarelli P., Sperone E., Giglio G., Pecchia J., Romano C., Scuderi A., Vespaziani L., Mele.
Dorsal fin photoidentification: tool for long term studies of White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) behaviour Abstract: 46ç Congresso Società Italiana Biologia Marina Roma, 10-12 giugno 2015 – 144-145.

2) Sperone E., Circosta A.L., Giglio G., Tripepi S., Micarelli P.
Preliminary observations on Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) suface predatory activity: Congresso Società Italiana di Biologia Marina Roma 10-12 giugno; 160-161.

3) Rizzuto S., Casini S., Coppola D., Giannetti M., Fossi M.C., Van Wyk H., Sperone E., Tripepi S., Micarelli P., Marsili L.
Skin biopsy as a sensitive non-lethal technique for the ecotoxicological studies of Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) .: 46° Congresso Società Italiana Biologia Marina Roma 10-12 Giugno; 204-205

2014
1) Giglio G., Sperone E., Rabboni E., Giglioli D., Micarelli P., Tripepi S.
New approaches to study the Great White Shark. Oral presentation Congress U.Z.I. (Unione Zoologica Italiana) october Genova.

2) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Parise G., Circosta V., Giglio G., Tripepi S.
Compagno L.J.V.. Social interactions between white sharks around floating objects and influences of some environmental conditions: Program and abstracts of Shark –international, Durban ; 170

3) Mancusi C., Baino R., Barone M., Morey G., Vacchi M., Gil de Sola L., Bradai M.N., Sperone E., Kallianotis A., Hemida F., Saad A.A., Dimech M., Peristeraki P., Bariche M., Cavlan G., Clo S., De Sabata E., Castellano L., Garibaldi F., Tinti F., Pais A., Follesa C., Micarelli P., Poisson F., Carlucci R., Soldo A., Bottaro M., Cebrian D., Kabasakal H., Fortuna C., Seret B., Ferretti F., El-far A., Saygu I., Shakman E.A., Bartoli A., Guallart J., Damalas D., Megalofonou P., Notarbartolo di Sciara G., Cannas R., Colombo S., Serena F
A data collection on large cartilagineous fishes in the Mediterranean basin. Abstract of Sharks International Durban; 50

2013
1) Sperone E., Coppola F., Giglio G., Circosta V., Micarelli P., Tripepi S. & Compagno L.J.V.
New Mediterranean Marine biodiversity records (December, 2013): 2.6. On the occurrence of the dusky shark Carcharhinus obscurus in Calabria (Central Mediterrane an, Southern Italy).Mediterranean Marine Science, 14 (2): 467-468 DOI: 10.12681/mms.676

2) Leone A., Gregory N.P., Cariani A., Sperone E., Tripepi S., Micarelli P., Gambarelli A., Sarà M., Arculeo M., Doria G., Garibaldi F., Dall’Asta A., Minelli D., Cilli E., Vanni S., Serena F., & Tinti F.
Novel insights into the origin of Mediterranean Great White Shark population from ancient mtDNA genetic variation (E.E.A. Plymouth U.K.)

2012
1) Micarelli P., Di Grumo D., Delucia L., & Sperone E.
Individual identification of small-spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula Linnaeus 1758) for captivity research. Poster Abstract. In: Programm and Abstracts, 16. European Elasmobranch Association Conference (EEA), Italy: 76

2) Sperone e., Parise G., Leone A., Milazzo C., Circosta V., Santoro G., Paolillo G., Micarelli P., Tripepi S.
Spatiotemporal patterns of distribution of large predatory sharks in Calabria (central Mediterranean, southern Italy). ACTA ADRIATICA, 53 (1): 13-24

3) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Andreotti S., Brandmayr P. Bernabo I., Brunelli E., Tripepi S.
Surface behaviour of bait-attracted white sharks at Dyer Island (South Africa). Marine Biology Research, 8 (10): 982-991 DOI: 10.1080/17451000.2012.708043

4) Coppola F., Sperone E., Circosta V., Parise G., Giglio., Madeo E., Micarelli P., Tripepi S., Ribas A., Milazzo.
Preliminary data on the elminthfauna of some elasmobranchs from Calabria (central Mediterranean, Southern Italy). Poster Abstract. In: Programm and Abstracts, 16. European Elasmobranch Association Conference (EEA), Italy: 95

5) Marsili L., Rizzuto S., Giannetti M., Coppola D., Casini S., Fossi M.C., Andreotti S., Conrad M., Van Wyk H., Sperone E., Tripepi S., Micarelli P.
Skin biopsy as a sensitive non-lethal technique for the ecotoxicological studies of South African great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias). Abstract. In: Programm and Abstracts, 16. European Elasmobranch Association Conference (EEA), Italy: 32

6) Sperone E., Micarelli P., CircostaV., Leone A., Camigliano G., Muià C., Dramisino A., Toscani F., Chieppa F., Iafrate A., Toraldo Serra M.L. & Tripepi S.
Surface behaviour of bait-attracted white sharks at Dyer Island (South Africa). Poster Abstract.In: Programm and Abstracts, 16. European Elasmobranch Association Conference (EEA), Italy: 93

7) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Circosta V., Milazzo C., Parise G., Sangermano I., Madeo E., Rocca D., Scalise S., Cappa P., Lucifora., G., Tripepi S. & Giglio G.
Contribution to the distribution of sharks in the Calabrian seas (central Mediterranean, Southern Italy). Poster Abstract. In: Programm and Abstracts, 16. European Elasmobranch Association Conference (EEA), Italy: 94 2012

2011
1) Micarelli P., Sperone E., Barone M., Bottaro:, Clò S., De Sabata E., Mancusi C., Serena F.
Spatiotemporal distribution of great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias, Linnaeus 1758) along Italian coasts: Records from international Medlem program and other contributions. Abstract (Poster) In: Programme Booklet of The 15th Annual Scientific Conference of the European Elasmobranch Association, Berlin, 29.10.-30.10.2011

2) Micarelli P., Ventura D., Sperone E., DeLucia L., Lagana A.
Husbandry of tropical benthonic sharks (Chiloscyllium griseum, C. punctatum and Atelomycterus marmoratus): First step to develop protocols for controlled breeding with conservation purpose. Abstract (Poster) In: Programme Booklet of The 15th Annual Scientific Conference of the European Elasmobranch Association, Berlin, 29.10.-30.10.2011

3) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Parise G., Leone A., Biasone P., Camigliano G., Tripepi S.
Visual approach tactics by white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) under baited conditions and effects of cloud cover. Abstract (Poster) In: Programme Booklet of The 15th Annual Scientific Conference of the European Elasmobranch Association, Berlin, 29.10.-30.10.

2010
1) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Andreotti S., Spinetti S., Andreani A., Serena F. & Tripepi S.
Social interactions among bait-attracted white sharks at Dyer Island (South Africa). Marine Biology Research, I.F. 1,147.

2) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Camigliano G., Brunelli E., Brandmayr P. & Tripepi S.
Effects of weather conditions on visual predatory tactics in bait-attracted white sharks. First International Sharks Congress, Cairns Australia. Proceeding of congress.

2009
1) Micarelli P., Spinetti S., Muià C., Andreotti S., Vitaro M., Leone A., Camigliano G., Antonucci., Sperone E. & Tripepi S.
Is it good-looking or does it smell good? Preliminary observations about Great White Shark’s discriminatory patterns. 13° EEA Meeting – Palma de Mallorca Spain. Proceeding of the Congress.

2008
1) Sperone E., MicarelliP., Rutzen M., Spinetti S., Andreotti S., Brandmayr P. & Tripepi S.
Osservazioni sul comportamento di superficie del Grande Squalo Bianco Carcharodon carcharias (L.) a Dyer Island (Sudafrica). Atti XXIII Congresso della Società Italiana di Etologia, Arcavacata di Rende (CS), 17-21 settembre 2008, 69.

2) Spinetti S., Micarelli P., Camigliano G., Paolino S., Camisa F., Andreotti S. & Sperone E.
Considerazioni preliminari sul comportamento del Grande Squalo Bianco in presenza di prede passive diverse nelle acque antistanti Dyer Island (Sudafrica). Atti XXIII Congresso della Società Italiana di Etologia, Arcavacata di Rende (CS), 17-21 settembre 2008, 70.

2007
1) Micarelli P., Spinetti S., Andreotti S., Camigliano G., Rabboni E., Tripepi S. & Sperone E.
Comportamento sociale nel Grande Squalo Bianco Carcharodon carcharias L.: prime osservazioni condotte su una popolazione sudafricana. 68° Congresso UZI, Lecce 24-27 settembre 2007, 109-110.

2) Micarelli P., Canetti D., Sperone E. & Spinetti S.
Effect of salinity on the respiration of the Nursehound, Scyliorhinus stellaris. 11th Meeting European Elasmobranch Association, Brest (France) 23-26 novembre 2007, 33.

3) Micarelli P., Serena F., Sperone E. & Spinetti S.
Public aquaria, useful tools for reproduction and tagging programs. The case of Nursehound (Scyliorhinus stellaris) in south of Tuscany, Italy. 11th Meeting European Elasmobranch Association, Brest (France) 23-26 novembre 2007, 39.

4) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Spinetti S., Andreotti S., Camigliano G., Rabboni E., Serena F. & Tripepi S.
Preliminary observations on the Great White Shark social behaviour at Dyer Island (South Africa). 11th Meeting European Elasmobranch Association, Brest (France) 23-26 novembre 2007, 57.

5) Sperone E., Micarelli P., Cugliari D.P., Coppola F., Paolino S., Aloise G., Paolillo G & Tripepi S.
Elasmobranchs of Calabria (southern Italy): a preliminary report. 11th Meeting European Elasmobranch Association, Brest (France) 23-26 novembre 2007, 58.

2006
1) Micarelli P., Spinetti S., Tripepi S, Sperone E.
Observations about surface behaviour of the great white shark Carcharodon carcharias (L.) versus passive preys in DYER ISLAND (SOUTHAFRICA). 37° Congress S.I.B.M. Biol.Mar.Medit. (2006).

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